In northern Morocco, economic growth that records the Tangier-Tetouan Region benefits mostly coastal cities, while rural areas, whose income comes mainly from agriculture, are subject further to climate variations (with more drought and unpredictable rainfall) that hinder sustainable development.
The region is characterized by great cultural and natural wealth, accounting for 18 Sites of Biological and Ecological Interest (SIBE) but are threatened by environmental degradation problems (ecological habitat destruction, water pollution, air, soil, deforestation, erosion ...). The population growth, Transformation modes consumption and consequences of climate change cause new problems of public health and local development they face the rural communes having few resources.
In local governance, communes have no clear vision of what is, nor sufficient capacity to plan their policies to address environmental degradation sustainable development.
The rural population, particularly women, do not have much access to environmental information as urban. In addition, poor organization of rural civil society, the underrepresentation of women and the lack of spaces and rules for citizen participation hinder their participation in public life.
Our main goal is to transform the vision, models and practices of local planning in the region of Tangier Tetouan.
First, we work with Regional Observatory of the Environment and Sustainable Development of Tangier-Tetouan (OREDD-TT) as a public entity responsible for managing and disseminating environmental information regionally, on ways of improving the flow of information both at the collection for treatment or compilation, and in terms of its dissemination to the public.
Moreover, with our local partner, Mediterranean Association of Local Development (ADELMA), estamos trabajando en 33 comunas de la Región Tanger Tetuán (de las cuales 30 son rurales) con casi 150 asociaciones locales y con los funcionarios y electos de estas comunas.
Work in this area has the financial support of the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development (AECID).
In each of the seven areas of intervention performed participatory workshops and training who join organizations of civil society, officials of the communes and state services and elected. Through these workshops, on one hand, it is used to give environmental information access to the participants through interventions OREDD-TT on the report of the state of the environment in the region of Tangier Tetouan, the Regional Environmental Service on environmental legislation, rights experts on the legal framework for public participation.
Moreover, these workshops encourage the reflection multi-player on the link between environmental protection, gender and local development, the importance of gender equity become visible, as well as the environment in the planning and local development projects. Also after rapid diagnosis via interviews on citizen participation and the role of local authorities in local environmental governance at each site being defined participatory manner own mechanisms and channels to each territory of citizen participation, as well as a line of incidence for the effective empowerment of communities in decision-making processes relating to sustainable development of their territory.
Finally, through training we are giving practical tools and technical support for actors planners and project formulation, operational and integrate cross-cutting gender equality, the environment, and to put in place mechanisms to facilitate citizen participation in local public life and in particular concerning the environmental sustainability of its territory.
It also supports organizations of civil society in the implementation of awareness campaigns and advocacy on thematic project: environment, gender equality and participation as rights of citizenship, effective decentralization of decision-making, development of natural resources for local development, promotion of renewable energy and combating climate change ...
Foster an informed, active and responsible citizenship with their environment and empower local actors to act for sustainable development are the biggest challenges of this project.
The rural population, particularly women, do not have much access to environmental information as urban.