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Senegal: the right to food and to the environment

Alliance for Solidarity works with the local population in Senegal for sustainable local development and to guarantee their rights to food.

alianzaporlasolidaridad_desarrollolocal_senegal

In northern Senegal, in the region of Saint Louis,In the North of the country, in the region of Saint Louis, Senegal River Valley there are a lot of underexploited irrigable areas with high potential, which generates an increasingly strong dependency on cereal imports. This situation is further aggravated by severe drought coupled with structural poverty, which has caused a crisis that violates the local population´s right to food.

The Senegalese agriculture only contributes 10% of GDP. The agri-food industry is the second biggest sector of the country, but still lacks the transformation initiatives needed to increase women´s income. Women do not proportionately benefit from the resources (land and production), are barely represented in decision-making processes, and are the first to suffer from the effects of poverty.

We also work on the outskirts of Dakarin the area of Pikine, which arose from the union of populations displaced from the capital and has become one of Senegal's largest urban agglomerations. This area contains all the frustrations and problems of Senegalese society: insecurity, unemployment, insalubrity, overcrowding, flooding, illegal immigration, etc. 54% of households in this area live below the poverty line.Women and youth are most violated in their right to food.

The The low representation of women makes it very difficult for them to develop on a personal, social and economic level. The illiteracy rate among women is 50.8%. It is vital to ensure that they can participate equally as men. For this reason, we run educational programs to teach them to exercise their rights and train them in environment-friendly economic activities and sustainable use of natural resources.

Access and energy sustainability

About 80% of households rely on firewood or charcoal for cooking due to the high cost of butane gas. The use of wood requires an overload of physical work for women and girls. Both collection and manufacturing of charcoal,and the use inefficient craft techniques, are contributing to the depletion of forest resources.

For this reasons, it is important to identify energy alternatives to reduce the consumption of firewood and charcoal, and produce energy efficient alternative fuels. In the region of Saint Louis we work primarily in rural areas of agricultural activity, where the population is highly vulnerable and at risk of food insecurity, and where women and girls are in particularly disadvantaged. The use of improved kitchens and stoves is part of this comprehensive project to improve energy efficiency and renewable energy for the region.

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On the outskirts of Dakar, the municipal waste collection system sufferes from management problems and lack of means. The absence of waste management has serious negative health, environmental and social impacts. Alianza por la Solidaridad brings its experience in waste management from Latin America and supports the implementation of waste disposal units in the neighborhood Guet N’Dar (St. Louis) and the Department of Pikine.

What do we want to change?

In the region of Saint Louis we work in partnership for the right to adequate food and the sustainable improvement of production systems. We want to make women´s access to agricultural production a reality. We want to create and strengthen existing , including facilities and infrastructure for the development of diversified and sustainable agriculturethrough: use of irrigation farming; production and storage of seeds; initial endowment of quality certified seeds; and access to microcredit with preferential rates for women producers. A project which supports 8 groups of agricultural producers of rice, fruits and vegetables.

We want to contribute to the improvement of access to local and national agricultural marketsthrough commercialization strategy for the rice, bananas and other local cultivation that will increase income and food security. It promotes space and opportunity for exchange of experiences with other groups and with potential customers, to avoid intermediaries and facilitate participation in agricultural fairs such as the ones in Dakar and Saint Louis.

We want to develop economic initiatives that integrate women into the value chains, diversify sources of income and value by-products of other productive activities. We also want to facilitate access to clean and sustainable energy with appropriate energy efficiency technology. It has launched is an innovative initiative to diversify the sources of income of women through the production of biochar which will allow access to a cleaner, healthier, and more sustainable energy source.

Alliance for the Solidarity supports groups of women and young people from the outskirts of Dakar to improve the living conditions in these neighborhoods. We work to improve women´s access to income-generating activities (soap, processing of cereals… ), marketing of local products and management of garbage collection. This project has benefited 261 women from seven municipalities of the department of Pikine directly and 30 young women formed or in process of formation.

The strengthening of civil society organizations in their organizational and management skills, and strengthening women´s rights in all activities, is present in all our projects. Ensuring access to land for women is a major priority of our work.

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Who formed this alliance solidarity?

Alianza por la Solidaridad works in each country in partnership with the local civil society, governments and beneficiaries. Alliance for Solidarity´s involvement is critical to the current success and continuity of the actions in the future. In northern Senegal, in rural areas of the region of Saint Louis, We work in eight locations: Souloul, Ndiarème, Ronkh, Ross-Béthio, Thiagar, Niandane, Bokki and Walaldé, with local allies ASESCAW, FEPRODES and WORK. We also work with technical experts in agriculture: local artisans, ISRA, SAED, ANA and companies like Brades (Producing biochar).

In the outskirts of Dakar we work with the Partenaires Groups Union City Pikine (UGPD) and Center for the Promotion of Social Reinsertion of PikineIn coordination with the Departmental Community Development Pikine, the Collective of Women Victims of Clandestine Immigration and Case Foyer Dalifort.

Much of our work in Senegal depends on funding from Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development (AECID), The Andalusian Agency for International Development Cooperation (AACID) and La Caixa FoundationAs well as other international organizations and agencies.


One Response to “Senegal: derecho a la alimentación y al medioambiente”

  1. LUCIANO says:

    Buenos días, me dirijo a ustedes porque estoy viviendo en Senegal y he visto que están colaborando activamente. Llevo un año viviendo en Senegal y he desarrollado un proyecto de desarrollo económico y social para Senegal. Me gustaría compartirlo con ustedes porque pienso que es muy interesante y la repercusión sobre la población es muy amplia. Saludos, Luciano Reverón.

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