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Women migrants - Valencia

We denounce the institutional, social and labor violence affecting migrant women in the Valencian country

The NGO Alliance for solidarity presented last Wednesday, May 23, the report Migrant women as political subjects in the Valencian Country: creating strategies against violence,-under the Rights defenders meeting: participation of women migrants and the Global South organized in the college major Rector Peset-, a participatory diagnosis in which migrant women denounce violations of rights suffered by the Valencian territory and put in value its strategies of resistance against racist violence and patriarchal structural and everyday.

The research, carried out together with the study of Sociology the Dula, and funded by the Directorate-General of cooperation of the Generalitat Valenciana, which has framed the objectives of sustainable development (ODS), gathers the testimonies of dozens of women migrants and members of social organizations who work in the defence of their rights which have reported difficulties in access to decent employment, housing, political participation and health exclusion, as well as situations of social racism and gender-based violence to which they are exposed for being women, racialized and migrants.

It is the case of a woman of Algerian origin with 13 years of residence in Valencia, which explains that it has received insults on the street since it decided to put the hijab, or Islamic headscarf. "With the tissue looked at me wrong, I shouted, told me with insults and I cried. They called mora. A shop told me that what I had in the chest, that if he was hiding something, they thought that he had stolen. All this in front of my children."details.

With respect to the work, the document includes testimony denouncing situations of exploitation and abuse, especially in the work of the home and the care sector, and, in particular, in the internal. "I met a girl that did not let or heating your meal because they said in the House that worked it was dissipating gas and was very expensive. It was a girl who had studied Social work at a very prestigious University of Colombia", according to one of the testimonies. Women denounce also sexual abuse, lack of contract, days up to 12 hours, salaries far below the minimum wage, as well as that don't respect the hours of rest by the employers, which implies that no they can not even keep their appointments medical, participate in associations or have leisure time.

Break with the racist and sexist imagery
The participants urge to break with the racist and sexist imagery that has in society with respect to migrant women. "There are stereotypes of the type: If Latin America is spirited, if Latin America is loving, if it is African also is hipersexualizada." Also with regard to employment. Example: you have access to a job if you're Latin American, Yes, because you pay services, you are out and those stereotypes that continue to perpetuate. Then here of speeches there is a problem on which we can also act and influence. Although racism is also a structural problem"denounces other testimonies.

In this sense, the report migrant women denounce that it is the Aliens Act which exposes them to violations of rights and violence, since the irregular administrative situation involves continuing situations of vulnerability and exclusion and constitutes a mechanism of institutional racism. This also leads them to a situation of continuous distress, to them and their families, for the fear of being stopped by the police to ask for documentation, be detained in the Centre of detention of foreigners (ICD) or be deported to their country of origin.

On the other hand, the document includes a list of proposals for action carried out by the same participants in the process to improve the situation of migrant women in the region of Valencia. Some of these measures at the regional level are: monitor and monitor health care to ensure universal healthcare in the Valencian Community, raise awareness and educate staff and the civil service about the reality of migrant women, boost migrant associative tissue or an incidence programme directed to the Ministry of the interior for the closure of the center of detention of foreigners of sappers.

Download the report

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We talk about female migrants, but there is a paradigmatic subject that can include under this restrictive label. We cannot say the woman migrant has this age and origin determined, this marital status or profession specific, etc. Since the characteristics of migrant women are as many as women there are. However, there are shared realities that make them in a differentiated social group and we have tried to collect in this report: mainly an immigration law that hinders or impedes access to health, social services, education to decent work, family reunification, justice, social protection and/or political participation and that, Furthermore, by itself this outside little, criminalizes them social level.

A todas estas violencias, se suman los mandatos de género reservados específicamente a las migrantes en el ámbito laboral: como responsables de los trabajos de los cuidados, generando la paradoja de las cadenas de cuidados, donde las mujeres autóctonas pueden “liberarse de estas cargas” y aspiran a otros empleos fuera del ámbito doméstico. De esta forma, la sociedad española impone a las mujeres migrantes el nicho de empleo más precarizado e históricamente peor valorado, desplazándolas e invisibilizándolas.

En el presente documento, pretendemos mostrar además cómo es precisamente esta violencia estructural hacia las mujeres migrantes la que pone de relieve su papel como sujetos políticos capaces de, a pesar de todas las dificultades nombradas anteriormente, sostener a sus familias y a comunidades enteras, incluso trasnacionales, a partir de una auto organización más o menos formal, así como de poner en práctica formas de participación y resistencia que van de lo personal a lo colectivo.

En este sentido, el informe ofrece una mirada sobre las violencias que atraviesan a las mujeres migrantes del País Valencià en todas las esferas de su vida, pero también sobre las resistencias que han desarrollado al respecto y su capacidad de toma de decisiones en contextos especialmente precarios y como supervivientes de diferentes formas de abuso y explotación. De esta forma, a partir de los testimonios de decenas de estas mujeres y de las personas que trabajan cada día junto a ellas para mejorar su situación, hemos analizado las causas y consecuencias de estas vulneraciones de derechos, así como los mecanismos de superación personal y colectiva de esta realidad.

Sirva este documento, pues, para homenajear y visibilizar la lucha diaria que supone ser mujer y migrante en el País Valencià y contribuir, además, a señalar las estructuras de poder que dividen a la sociedad entre ciudadanos y ciudadanas, sujetos de pleno derecho y sujetos cuyos derechos no son reconocidos, a merced de leyes, trámites y requisitos de todo tipo.

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El presente informe se enmarca en el proyecto “Trabajando en la agenda de desarrollo local: intercambio de conocimientos y creación de redes alrededor de los ODS” financiado por la Generalitat Valenciana en la convocatoria de subvenciones de Educación para la ciudadanía Global de 2016 y ha sido realizado por la ONG Alianza por la Solidaridad en colaboración con el estudio de sociología La Dula a partir de un proceso de diagnóstico participativo que ha tenido lugar entre los meses de junio de 2017 y marzo de 2018.
En él han participado decenas de mujeres y asociaciones que han ofrecido su testimonio y conocimientos sobre cuál es la situación de acceso a derechos por parte de las mujeres migrantes en el País Valencià y el ejercicio de su condición de sujetos políticos, además de elaborar propuestas de acción concretas para mejorar las deficiencias existentes.

Esta publicación ha sido realizada con el apoyo financiero de la Generalitat Valenciana. El contenido de dicha publicación es responsabilidad exclusiva de Alianza por la Solidaridad y no refleja necesariamente la opinión de la Generalitat Valenciana.

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Desde Alianza por la Solidaridad, nos gustaría agradecer la colaboración de todas las personas que han participado en la elaboración de este informe: ya sea por compartir sus experiencias y conocimientos durante el trabajo de campo, como por su orientación y apoyo durante todo el proceso de diagnóstico participativo y redacción del informe.

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