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Alertamos de la escalada de violencia en el sur de Colombia al año del acuerdo de paz con las FARC

Friday, 20 October 2017

Alianza pide al Gobierno colombiano y la comunidad internacional que se reconozca la situación de crisis humanitaria y se garantice la protección para las personas amenazadas por la violencia y forzadas a desplazarse después de que líderes de comunidades hayan sido asesinados en los últimos días en Tumaco (Nariño).

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Alianza por la Solidaridad, presente en Colombia desde hace 17 años en las zonas del conflicto armado, alerta de la escalada de violencia que las últimas semanas están teniendo lugar en el sur de Colombia, en concreto en el municipio de Tumaco (Nariño), donde se han producido ya 9 asesinatos, entre ellos el de un líder comunitario con el trabajabamos desde hace tiempo, José Jair Cortés, y los de dos indígenas awá horas después.

Somos testigos de la violencia ocasionada en la zona rural y urbana de Tumaco por no aplicarse las medidas sobre acceso a la tierra y sustitución de cultivos ilícitos, incluidas en los Acuerdos de Paz de hace un año entre el Gobierno de Colombia y las FARC.

Communities are being confined to limited in their mobility curfew and 'invisible borders', while increasing the forced displacement of rural area between neighborhoods within Tumaco and to other municipalities, forced recruitment of young people by new armed groups and threats and assassinations of leaders and leaders who support the peace agreement and defend the rights of the population and its territory. On October 17, the victim was José Jair Cortés, the Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera. Cortés was recognized for his leadership in the Alliance for Solidarity and worked with him and his other companions in different humanitarian aid projects in the implementation of agroproyectos and strengthening community organization. Hours later in the same area, they were killed two Awá to be fired from a vehicle.,es

It is recalled that on 5 October in Alto Mira and Frontera were killed six farmers and wounding 20 others by the police and that on 8 October was bombed stunning and firing into the air a humanitarian mission composed of authorities and organizations international. Also in the city, from that day there is fighting in several neighborhoods, where gunmen have imposed curfew, generating fear among the population. More than 1,500 people have had to leave their homes.,es

This situation of risk, in Alliance for solidarity have had to promptly suspend its activities having no guarantees of safe access to areas to provide humanitarian care, waiting for the Government to declare officially crisis humanitarian situation demanded by all the organisations present in Tumaco.

All this happens in a complex context in which the Government has initiated the program to eradicate coca, contained in paragraph 4 of the Peace Agreement, regardless that many villages had joined the collective voluntary replacement program of farmers have not received support for this change and the population has been no alternative for subsistence illicit crops, in which a gradual process that has not been met by the institutions is guaranteed. Solidarity Alliance notes that this situation is creating moments of extreme violence, including against women.,,es,In this situation, Alliance asks:,,es

Faced with this situation, we request:

  • Which effectively implement the peace agreements and put special attention in rural areas, especially those in which takes place the eradication and substitution.,,es,That life is respected, cessation of violence and protection of Colombian, indigenous and peasant communities afro is guaranteed.,,es,What guarantees are given to leaders and leaders and threatened them provide adequate measures of protection.,,es,That collective rights are respected and territorial issues are resolved.,,es,The Colombian state institutions reach the affected areas and comply with what was agreed in the peace agreements effective and participatory manner.,,es
  • Que se respete la vida, cese la violencia y se garantice la protección de las comunidades afro colombianas, indígenas y campesinas.
  • Que se den garantías a líderes y lideresas amenazados y se les brinden las medidas adecuadas de protección.
  • Que se respeten los derechos colectivos y se solucionen los problemas territoriales.
  • Que las instituciones del Estado colombiano lleguen a las zonas afectadas y cumplan con lo pactado en los acuerdos de paz de manera efectiva y participativa.
  • The physical and psychological integrity of all people are protected.,,es,Access of humanitarian actors to ensure areas to provide care to populations.,,es,That, especially the EU and the Spanish Government, International Community to take action together with the Colombian government to ensure adequate humanitarian response to this situation.,,es
  • Que se garantice el acceso de los actores humanitarios a las zonas para brindar atención a las poblaciones.
  • Que la Comunidad internacional, especialmente la UE y el Gobierno español, tomen medidas junto con el gobierno colombiano para garantizar la adecuada respuesta humanitaria a esta situación.

Tumaco, in Nariño department, has a population 89% Afrocolombian between 48% have their basic needs and around 16% live in poverty. In Colombia, 10 municipalities concentrate 50% of coca, which increased from 45,748 hectares in 2015 to 70,579 in 2016. Tumaco is in the first position with 16%. They are municipalities with at least three common characteristics: they are border, places where there are two or more groups and where the presence of the Colombian State has been precarious.,,es,NGO calls on the Colombian government and the international community to the humanitarian crisis recognized and gar ...,,es


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