Biochar is hot in Dakar

Tuesday, 7 April 2015

Mujeres senegalesas logran producir y vender un biocombustible renovable, elaborado con desechos agrícolas, gracias a un proyecto de Alianza por la Solidaridad que busca el desarrollo local que proporcione recursos sin dañar el medio ambiente.

biocarbón Senegal

The Cars de DakarIt open until mid-April, it is a hotbed. In this agricultural fair which takes place every year, participating producers and producers from all over Senegal, who take the opportunity to present the work of the whole year, exchange information and farming techniques, display equipment or new agricultural technologies and even to sell animals and handmade products.

At Alianza por la Solidaridad three years we going with rice farmers who support within the Food Security Program funding AECID in Saint Louis, North of the African country. But This year the revolution has been the biochar . Thanks to another -supported project financially by The Box-, A group of women from the rural community of Ronkh has created a biochar production unit is having a resounding success: if 300 kilos were sold in the first week of this year sales have already tripled in 2014. And those who tried it last year, repeated; and those who do not want to try this new energy source, cheaper and environmentally friendly.

Through this initiative Senegalese women have increased their economic resources, with a product that also protects the environment.

As work on alternative energy is not easy, in Alliance for Solidarity we have had the invaluable contribution Francisco Madruga, Graduated from the Polytechnic University of Valencia, que ha estado en St Louis durante seis meses colaborando con nuestro proyecto realizando un estudio sobre las necesidades energéticas de la Commune Ronkh, con el objetivo de proponer alternativas para mejorar la producción y venta del biocarbón.

¿Qué es el biocarbón?

Se trata de una alternativa energética que se fabrica a partir de desechos agrícolas (cascarilla de arroz y cacahuete, o unas plantas acuáticas como la typha) que de este modo cobran vida de nuevo, aprovechándose su poder calorífico, en un nuevo product having 3B:

  • Okay, porque disminuye el tiempo empleado por las mujeres (y menores) en ir a recoger leña y, además, porque emite less carbon dioxide en las cocinas, lo que mejora la salud, sobre todo de estas personas más vulnerables. Es cierto que su poder energético es menor que la leña, pero los beneficios son a largo plazo.
  • Had Been, ya que es un biocombustible, derivado de la biomasa que permite el reciclado de los desechos agrícolas, por lo que es renovable, y contribuye a la lucha contra la deforestation.
  • Cheap, porque supone un cost savings de 24.000 cfas al mes (36 euros), nada desdeñable en muchos hogares con un presupuesto familiar de menos de 300 euros. El precio medio del carbón de madera es de 300CFA/Kg, es decir más del doble del biocarbón (a 125CFA/Kg) y el ahorro por comida es de 400 cfas.

tabla biocarbón

The good qualities of this biochar increase if models are used improved kitchens and stoves que permitan una mejor combustión, como las que promueve Alianza por la Solidaridad in Senegal, a country severely affected by the cambio climático. With this type of projects aim reduce the consumption of wood or charcoal which now it is 60% and 26%, respectively. The challenge now is to get biochar is sold on a larger scale in rural areas.


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