Mauritania, one of the poorest countries in the world, with a Human Development Index of 161 (out of 187 countries), lacks an organized civil society that can effectively defend human rights guaruntee basic needs. The desert is the star of a territory in which only 0.5% is suitable for cultivation, resulting in nearly half of the population lacking access to food.
There, women have to deal with continuous violations of their rights, early marriage, school dropouts and so on. Although Mauritania has ratified various international conventions for equality between men and women, in reality the enjoyment of human rights of women remains very limited: the cultural practices and traditional social norms reproduce situations that do not take into account the social imbalance and economic suffering of Mauritanian women in terms of access to education, employment and financial resources, among other issues.
Mauritania is also a transit country for migrants. Therefore, while traveling to Europe, many stop here making it their permanent home while waiting for their chance to take the dangerous leap across the Mediterranean. This group is one of the hardest hit because of the marginality which is doomed, having to deal with the lack of access to basic rights and services, in addition to the growing rejection of the Mauritanian population.
The vulnerability of the Mauritanian population, in general, and these groups in particular, is essential to the strengthening of civil society so they can act as a link between citizens and the authorities, in order to convey the demands and needs of the population to pressure a transformation of the country.
So, Alianza por la Solidaridad, along with Foro de Organizaciones Nacionales de Derechos Humanos (FONADH) and in the framework of the European Union to support civil society and culture, it has organized a seminar for two days in Nouadhibou, the country's second largest city, to support these organizations and to gain access to their administrative regularization, to efficient management and state aid.
This seminar is aimed at creating a meeting and exchange of experiences and ideas on issues related to democracy and development, and, secondly, has focused on the promotion of civil society essentiasl in local development agencies, in order to defend human rights and fight against poverty.
Image: Alianza por la Solidardid in Mauritania