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Spain dismantles gender equality

Tuesday, 16 September 2014

Alliance for Solidarity, along with over 260 signatory organizations, denounced in a report shadow retreat of women's rights in Spain

Alianza por la solidaridad_mujeres_cedaw

The Plataforma CEDAW sombra España, composed of 50 women's organizations, international cooperation and human rights throughout the state, presented a report to the UN, endorsed by more than 260 organizations and civil society groups in which gender equality in Spain is evaluated.

This report responds the process of monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women After months of work, more than 260 organizations have contributed their evaluation during the press conference of presentation. historical condemns Spain for failing to protect a victim of domestic violence or daughter in a case that ended with the murder of the child.

The Spanish government presented the government report (2008-2013) at the UN in September 2013, in turn, the CEDAW Committee challenges the civil society of states to develop their own reports (known as Shadow Report) in order to improve knowledge and understanding of reality on equal beyond the government's vision.

After months of work, more than 260 organizations have contributed their evaluation during the press conference of presentation. The SHADOW REPORT Platform CEDAW Shadow Spain shows that, far from complying with the Convention, the Spanish State is conducting a progressive dismantling of equality policies.

Gender-based violence and trafficking, disjointed policies

In terms of domestic violence and trafficking, the report denounces the persistence of discrimination and lack of resources in the fight against all forms of gender violence.

The Spanish State considers only GBV to which it is exercised in the area of ​​partner or former partner, ignoring other types of violence such as sexual violence, the murder of women outside of the couple or harmful practices such as female genital mutilation or forced marriage.

The report also notes that there is a political agreement that effectively ensures a minimum standard of availability, accessibility and quality of care for victims of domestic violence, which has resulted in a decline in quality and services.

In traditionally male fields such as the judiciary and police gender stereotypes associated with violence against women and girls persist; to the point that if the victims are not able to provide the necessary evidence the cases are closed without official investigation.

  • In 2012 investment in army recruitment campaigns doubled campaigns dedicated to the prevention of gender violence.
  • From 2005-2012 the temporary stay of proceedings in cases of domestic violence increased by 158%
  • From 2009 to 2014 has been reduced by 23% the budget for combating gender violence.

So far it has NOT passed any comprehensive law against trafficking of women, Nor has it been fully transposed the European Directive on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting victims. Instead, addressing the issues of trafficking is done from a vision of immigration policy and state security. No specific recognition of the formal status of a victim of trafficking or the international principle of non-refoulement applies.

Education, discrimination from schoolAlianza por la solidaridad_ mujeres_ cedaw

Según el Informe Sombra de la Plataforma, en la nueva ley de educación (LOMCE) no se hace ninguna mención al fomento de la igualdad entre mujeres y hombres e incumple varias de las recomendaciones que ya le hizo el Comité de la CEDAW a España en su evaluación anterior: no se está cumpliendo la recomendación 18 del informe del Comité de implantar programas específicos sobre igualdad de género en el sistema educativo, así como la capacitación del profesorado en esta materia. Aún más, la LOMCE justifica que no es discriminatorio segregar por sexos, y se constata que este tipo de centros reciben financiación pública.

  • Reducing aid, scholarship and dining leads to more workload for women, which increases with the elimination of Educa Education Plan 3 0-3 years.
  • In 2012 there were only public or private places to cover 3 of 10 children / as under 3 years.
  • Women scientists, creative or protagonists of the story appear just above 7.5% in all the subjects of the official curriculum.

The gap is growing: discrimination in employment and economic

The Shadow Report claims that the deterioration of the labor market has impacted more on women: they have greater participation in the informal economy, lower wages and higher gaps throughout their working lives. Moreover, measures to promote employment in the economic crisis have been directed primarily at masculinized sectors such as construction, though the percentage of female unemployment is higher.

  • The female employment rate in 2012 did not reach the 39%, 10 points below the male. Between 2008 and 2013 the female unemployment doubled from 13 to 27%. 72.5% of the people with part-time contracts are women.
  • In 2010 we were the 4th European country with the highest proportion of women outside the labor market (after Luxembourg, Malta and Cyprus) and a dedicated home 4.29 hours 2.32 hours daily by men who devote.

A government committed to equality?

The text claims that the policies and agencies to ensure equality have been cut in half in the last four years.

  • The state equality body has dropped 3 ranks: general direction of ministry and has spent nearly two years without a strategic plan for equal opportunities between women and men.
  • The state budget for equality has been cut by 49% and of the autonomous communities by 32% on average.
  • The new framework law on local government has removed the powers of equality in this territory, in violation of Article 9.2 of the Constitution, the European Charter for Equality of Women and Men and the recommendations of the CEDAW Committee.

Lack of commitment to sexual and reproductive rights and violations of the right to health

Recent reforms of the health system increase inequality in access to the right to health for women. Furthermore, vulnerable groups such as migrant women and victims of domestic violence are increased vulnerability. With the reduction of assistance is limited significantly for Spanish women, and removed for immigrant women, the main point of detection of domestic violence, which is primary care.

  • The health copayment affects especially older women, who also have a higher incidence than men to chronic diseases that require treatment.
  • Although it has not yet entered into force, the reform of the Law on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy raised by the Government would be a serious setback to the current law. Of particular concern is the establishment of a strict requirement, the subjective nature when it comes to whether or not abortion and malformation removal assumption.
  • The withdrawal of financing contraceptives 8 generation affects 1 million women. 6 CCAA not fund the postcoital pill.

Human rights and international cooperation, equality and rhetoric

The human rights of women, especially in the case of particularly vulnerable groups, they are failing in our country as reported by the text.

España desmantela la igualdad de género - Alianza por la Solidaridad

  • The State has failed to fulfill the commitment to spend 15% of Official Development Assistance programs gender and sexual and reproductive health.

The Shadow Report, which was released today across the state, will defended before the CEDAW Committee from 10 to 14 November 2014In UN headquarters Geneva, in a previous session that took place in July 2015 at the United Nations headquarters. This is where the CEDAW Committee will evaluate the implementation of the Convention by the Spanish government by establishing appropriate recommendations for improving the situation for the elimination of discrimination against women.

Spain CEDAW Shadow Report: equality dismantled by AxSolidaridad

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