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The Conference on population and development in Peru concluded reaffirming the commitments of the States on the rights of women in Latin America and Caribbean

Friday, 10 August 2018
Rosa M. Tristan

Conferencia Regional sobre Población y Desarrollo (Peru 2018)

Alliance for solidarity, which attended the 3rd Regional Conference on population and development in the region, considered to be positive is to reaffirm the commitments with the progressive consensus of Montevideo, the most advanced intergovernmental agreement that exists.

The III Regional Conference on population and development in Latin America and Caribbeanheld in Lima (Peru) has arrived on 9 August to end with a satisfactory result on the rights of women and migrants, mainly by the fact that not are regressed on the achievements in the past in 2013, when currently predominates a context of political conservatism in the region, and around the world.

At the meeting, to which they have gone 32 member countries of ECLAC and a partner countryWe have reviewed the progress of each of them in the implementation of the agreements adopted at the first Conference of 2013, known as consensus of Montevideo, on sexual and reproductive rights of women, the rights of persons migrants, the right to comprehensive sex education, and other progressive developments related to childhood, adolescence and youth, aging, social justice and equality. This consensus is today a fundamental reference worldwide for his progressive spirit, but there was a risk that some States with presence of anti-rights people in their Governments would like to renegotiate (previous note).

"Alliance solidarity, that has been represented in the Conference by its Coordinator in Bolivia, Elena Alfageme, considers that"the final resolution has been strengthened thanks to the contributions of some of the official delegations, many of which were among them feminists, indigenous organizations and representatives of people of African descent, who have been present with strength in the Conference."

In one of its points, the final resolution precisely recognizes the key role of women, feminist organizations and social movements have had on the follow-up to the conferences on population and development of the UN (the Conference was attended by 320 people from civil society). At various points, in addition, mentions multiculturalism, human rights and gender perspective, even though the latter approach was previously rejected by several countries to pressure of lobbies Conservatives. "These pressure groups, intentionally, speak of" gender ideology", when gender is not an ideology but a category of analysis of power relations and social construction. It also emphasizes that it urges countries to break gaps of inequality, especially with regard to the unpaid work of women, including the domestic and care.

While he tried to include in the Convention the need that countries conduct statistics on sexual orientation and gender identities, finally this proposal came forward and was included under the heading "other relevant data" before the opposition from countries such as Paraguay, we remember that in 2016 it eliminated the word genre of the law against violence against women, on the grounds that the law could also include a transsexual and transgender people.

In general, countries with positions most conservatives have been Paraguay, Brazil, Colombia, and Jamaica. Argentina has been moderate on some issues and progress in other, country that was precisely protagonist because day 8 vote in the Senate, a draft law on the legalization of abortion which was rejected. Support for Argentine mobilizations of the "green scarf" was continuous during the Conference. Mexico, Dominican Republic, Bolivia and Uruguay were among the most progressive, with positions open to reproductive rights and sexual rights. In Peru has been detected a shift toward more progressive positions, from the arrival to the Presidency of Martin Vizcarra, in March of this year.

The statements of the Forum of civil society and Youth Forum have criticized harshly, among others, situations that are living in Nicaragua, with the strong repression of the Government of Ortega, and Honduras, where the killings of rights defenders environmental, as Berta Cáceres, remain in impunity.

One of the fundamentals for discussion at the Conference was the State of the work on indicators that allow you to precisely define the progress of each State as regards the rights that gathers consensus. "It has been decided to extend the mandate of the Working Group of indicators to a next meeting in 2019, where the final report will be adopted, and which will count with the support of ECLAC to incorporate them into the next rounds of censuses that will start in 2020 in the region" , explains Alfageme from Peru. It will also launch is a virtual platform of follow-up to the consensus. There is one of so-called civil society on sexual and reproductive rights Look how you look

Among the countries that have been submitted as candidates to host the next regional Conference are Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and Bolivia.

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