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To speak of human rights is to discuss sexual and reproductive rights

Monday, 15 December 2014
Gioconda Dieguez - APS Andean Region

Every December 10th anniversary is commemorated over the Universal Declaration of Human Rights held in 1948, a document that gave rise to a series of agreements between countries and conventions aimed to respect and guarantee human rights of all people, such as World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna (1993), which makes clear that the human rights of women and girls are inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights.


To speak of human rights involves recognition and respect for freedom, equality and dignity inherent in people without any discrimination, both in public and private spaces. All rights must be respected without causing division between them and their security is mandatory whether or not in the country about a specific law.

Definitely a central aspect in the life of people is sexuality inherent in our lives at all stages of development and central to our identity as human beings. Ie, talk about the respect for the dignity and freedoms implies talk about respect and freedoms also in the field of sexuality and freedom regarding reproduction. The fundamental principles of human rights, lead inescapably to recognize sexual and reproductive rights and therefore recognize that freedom of people in their sexual and reproductive lives should be guaranteed.

Thanks to various struggles of the feminist movement, women's movement and LGBT movement has made progress in the definition and recognition of sexual rights and reproductive rights as human rights, even against conservative forces that affect the non-recognition and guarantee of those rights

International commitments sexual and reproductive rights

La Conferencia Internacional de Población y Desarrollo de El Cairo (1994) reconoció los derechos reproductivos y la importancia de la sexualidad; casi 20 años después, en la revisión de avances del programa de acción de dicha Conferencia, los países de América Latina y el Caribe (ALyC) han suscrito el Consenso de Montevideo (2013) donde se reafirman compromisos de los estados respecto a los derechos reproductivos, y se reconoce y define los derechos sexuales como parte integral de los derechos humanos. Este Consenso reafirma que la garantía de los derechos sexuales y derechos reproductivos son un aspecto fundamental para alcanzar las metas internacionales de desarrollo y de eliminación de la pobreza, y reafirma la laicidad del Estado como principio fundamental para garantizar el ejercicio pleno de los derechos humanos.

It is essential that Latin American states to fulfill commitments and address the multiple violations of sexual rights and reproductive rights that occurred in the regionTo speak of human rights is to discuss sexual and reproductive rights - Alliance for SolidaridadAlianza for Solidarity

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