The effects of climate change in Africa are more evident than in other continents, especially in the area of the Sahel, where five of every hundred inhabitants require humanitarian assistance to survive.
Mauritania, located in the North of this region and with 75% of its territory covered by the Sahara desert, suffering severe and recurrent droughts, high summer temperatures and abundant floods. All this is contributing to gradual desertification and a growing food insecurity among the population, caused by the loss of productive land and the death of livestock. In 2017, due to the lack of rain, they left to cultivate a total of 11,000 hectares in Brakna, a small region in the South of the country whose poverty rate is higher than 40%.
For this reason, increasingly the Mauritanian migrating from the countryside to the citywhich generates an overpopulation in urban environments and the consequent decrease in the quality of life of its inhabitants.
Despite the investments and that the agricultural sector occupies the majority of the active population of the country, it is characterized by its low contribution to national GDP: just 25 percent.
Accordingly, local production in Mauritania is very low and its population is highly dependent on the import marketwhose prices are much higher. This makes it difficult to access a multitude of products to a large part of the inhabitants of a country where, according to the World Bank, 31% of its population lives below the poverty threshold.
To contribute to the improvement of food security and promote sustainable agricultural development climate change, Alianza por la Solidaridad It will launch soon a project in the South of Mauritania along with action against hunger and the local organization ARDM. Thanks to the funding of the AECID, we will work for two years to strengthen various agricultural cooperatives in the region. This will result in a direct support to nearly 2,000 people, mostly women, a sector of the population especially vulnerable at this time, as they are normally those who are in charge of family and the land when men migrate to the urban population centres.
Today, on the occasion of the Earth DayWe appeal to the reduction of emissions of CO2 and, ultimately, to the change in the production model and Western consumption. And it is that the maintenance of the lifestyle of the northern hemisphere is, as we all know, in a worsening of the health of the planet. And its effects, unjustly, is note more quickly and more forcefully in countries with lower levels of development, as Mauritania.