Más de 600 personas, en su mayoría mujeres, expulsadas de sus tierras sin ningún tipo de compensación, aumento de los casos de malnutrición y malaria, expulsión de las mujeres de las tierras arroceras… estos son algunos de los impactos de la inversión de la empresa española Agrogeba que produce arroz en la región de Bafatá, Guinea-Bissau, a country where hunger is a chronic problem and 2/3 of the population lives below the poverty line.
Aunque la inversión de la empresa española Agrogeba se planteó con el objetivo de abastecer a la población local con arroz más barato (Guinea Bissau acude al mercado internacional para comprar casi el 72% del arroz que consume en el país), la realidad ha sido bien distinta: el arroz se está vendiendo a precios más caros de lo acordado.
Our report "Brand Spain: investments that generate poverty" concluded that acquiring Agrogeba several farms in the communities of Sara Djae, Campampe and Sintcham Loba is a clear land grabbing case, according to the Declaration of Tirana and is a clear violation of human rights (among others, Article 25 on the right to a dignified life and food or Article 17 on the right to private and collective ownership).
Furthermore, the agreement between the company and the State of Agrogeba Guinea-Bissau also violates at least 13 of the 52 articles of the Land Law. It also makes clear that there has been any process of consultation with affected communities and that the Government of Guinea-Bissau had knowledge that the land was owned by the communities.
Neither has produced a study on the social and environmental impacts Agrogeba investment, implying that more than 600 people are no longer able to cultivate their land with especially harmful impact on women, who were working in the rice fields. It also affects people who practiced animal husbandry.
The investment has caused Agrogeba increased cases of malnutrition (Increased vulnerability before illness and lower productivity at work) and significant increase in cases of malaria by the effects of the spraying of pesticides by the Spanish company. The report notes that the percentage of women affected by malaria has risen from 15 to 65% in areas close to the plantations, something that corroborates Naimuna Balde, midwife Ioba Sintchan community "has also been a increased number of early abortions”.
1.That meets current legislation in Guinea Bissau.
Two. To commit to the internacionale standardss good governance for land and natural resource management.
3. What to invest in the environmental and health impact communities: analyzes of social and environmental impact of their activities, taking steps to address the effects on the health of persons. Agrogeba should be immediately responsible for cases of malaria detected in affected communities, by providing sick people with the means to develop appropriate treatment.
4. Que compense a las comunidades reparando el daño causado y alcance acuerdos para restituir las tierras a sus legítimas propietarias o consensuar la preparación de nuevos terrenos de calidad en zonas cercanas a las comunidades.
May. I take specific steps to repair the damage caused to the womenBecause they have been wronged by the main investment, as they have been driven from their rice fields.
Desde Alianza por la Solidaridad apoyamos a las empresas responsables que fomentan el desarrollo de África y ayudan a la internacionalización de nuestro país. Pero denunciamos las prácticas irresponsables que manchan la #MarcaEspaña y que cometen violaciones de derechos humanos en busca de un lucro “sin valores”.
(In the picture you can see Jaume Pons, manager Agrogeba, in the lands of Guinea Bissau has taken his company / photo: courtesy Calamar2/Pedro ARMESTRE)
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