Run away from your home without knowing if you'll be able. Despair. Be so afraid that you leave your everyday scenarios, your usual landscapes and your social and family network. Escape. Verte forced to cut your roots and take an uncertain path, one foot in front of another, not knowing where you take your steps. Saving a key in his pocket hoping someday reuse.
That means flee in fear. A personal and social drama that affects every day millions of people and too often ends in tragedy
They are people fleeing war or conflict, who have been driven from their homes by violence, others whose homes have disappeared from the map by bombing or catastrophe; families whose livelihoods have been exhausted by the action of nature ... The reason to drop everything and run are very diverse, but the common feature is the fear, Uncertainty and uprooting all suffering. And above all, the need for protection.
A protection that every person would be entitled by the fact of being a person.
IDPs, refugees, asylum seekers ... Since 1951 to ensure better protection for those forced to flee their homes, the international community began to label the fear: La Geneva Convention on Refugees regulated when and how it is to provide humanitarian aid or asylum.
One of these labels is the person "refugee". Its definition in Article 1 of the Geneva Convention highlights the fear factor that causes the flight of a country.
To be recognized as a refugee and access to international protection, who flees must cross an international border and seek asylum in a third country or registering in the country of destination with a protection agency for victims. Four out of five refugees in developing countries.
However, if you leave your home but you stay within your country, the person has the status of "internally displaced". Treatment of these cases is different, since in theory, as nationals of a country, displaced persons must be covered by their own government (in addition to international humanitarian law). The former is hardly met when the same government action is the cause of displacement.
This categorization of people who are forced to leave everything and run away, allowed legally regulate and provide protection to millions of people. But not comply with any feature of these labels, many millions of people are out every day of the international protection
To be considered a refugee or displaced, you have left your home in fear, either by a disaster or violent conflict, or by persecution "For reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a social group or political opinion in particular"
If your fear has a different origin and flee to another country, however founded to be your fear, your condition will be migrants, without further. Ie generally not only offers an special protection, but usually, things will be more complicated for you in your country or area of destination
But What happens when that fear is the future? When crops for generations served to feed well or badly your family or community, have become deserts due to climate change? Which, when you've traditionally cultivated lands are ceded to a foreign multinational you eject them and leaves you able to feed your family? What about when your livelihood was fishing and a multinational has depleted your resources and there is nothing to catch?
Reasons how are you are pushing millions of people to flee their homes: the fear of death and dying to see their children.
These are the same reasons that push those Africans who come to Spain and are greeted with pelotazos rubber and automatically deported, in violation of their human rights: to life, and probably the right to asylum: nobody listens to them to see if they can be even applicants legal asylum for being persecuted in their homelands.
How are you reasons are not covered by international case law, these people have no right to protection: in recent years, many voices have been raised to these people claim to special status of environmental refugees or economic refugees
Everyone has the right to freedom of movement, but displacement must be a vital and personal choice, not an escape from fear
The reasons may be different to flee. The legal status of who flees too. But all victims have access to the protection of their human rights and their livelihoods.
More and more voices are calling for the town a special status of environmental refugees or economic refugees.