Criminalize Femicide: The penalty patriarchy

Monica Mendizabal - APS Bolivia

foto 348 feminicidio

Reflections Monica Mendizabal (Alliance for Solidarity-Bolivia) Those who have experienced male violence are aware and know in our body the impact of patriarchy. attack frontally violence against women and population transfemenina - transgender.

Law 1674, Law Against Family Violence or Domestic in Bolivia, was the first instrument that made it clear that violence against women is not a natural fact and constitutes a violation. Mechanisms, policies and procedures to punish those who exert violence against women were designed. There is advanced and clear, it was complex, incorporating the population transfemenina - transgender in its sanctions procedures.

Now, Act 348, Comprehensive Law Guaranteeing Women Free from Violence, helps to recognize gender violence as a crime.

Según Marcela Borja (Vocal de la Sala Civil II en Cochabamba) al reconocer este carácter de delito público, la Ley 348 da un salto de la sanción simbólica a la sanción práctica. Introduciendo la violencia contra las mujeres en diferentes formas y principios penales. El derecho penal pasa así de “administrador simbólico” de los miedos ciudadanos a “administrador factico”. De ahí que ahora, la administración de justicia presenta más de una dificultad para sancionar eficazmente el delito. Desde la dificultad de crear las salas y juzgados especializados, hasta la poca experticia de los fiscales para dar tratamiento al tema de la violencia así como el rol del juez como contralor de derechos y garantías constitucionales al aplicar o no la conciliación.

But as the poet said, "Walker is made by walking", we note successes and difficulties in the definition of new criminal offenses. obliges the state to ensure the procedures for maximum penalty (30 years imprisonment) and also visible the most cruel and extreme form of patriarchal expression: the death of women and hate crimes for the LGBT population.

Una muestra de los pendientes ha sido la identificación de la Redlb Bol de mujeres lesbianas, bisexuales, colectivos de travestis, transexuales, gays y bisexuales, transgenero de Bolivia, quienes en su Informe Anual de Derechos Humanos identifican la importancia de impulsar la Ley de Identidad de Género para que la Ley 348 y la figura de feminicidio sea la que recupere los crímenes de odio (55 asesinatos a población TLGB en los últimos 10 años en Bolivia). Uno de sus principales argumentos es que la población trans al no poder cambiar su nombre en las identificaciones personales no serán reconocidas y por lo tanto no serán beneficiarias de esta norma. Sería importante preguntarnos How do you change this perception concrete action in sanctioning violence against sexual freedom?

Just an example of the long road that lies ahead: strengthening existing mechanisms, strengthening the role of judges and prosecutors, courts and creation of special courts, support for increased defense jurisprudence on sexual rights for women, population transfemenina - Transgender and every human being to achieve a life free of violence and as a common output, exemplary punishment for the patriarchy.


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