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Philippines: Investing in disaster risk prevention saves lives

IPADE, now a member of APS, has worked in the Philippines since 1994 developed, with support from the Spanish Cooperation (3,905,000 euros), 7 development projects with a component of disaster risk prevention in regions of Luzon Mindanao and Visayas, the latter region most affected by Typhoon Haiyan.

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If you want to support the population to cope with the consequences of the typhoon click here

The incidence of typhoons, coupled with the complex topography of the land--very hilly, and environmental degradation caused by soil erosion and deforestation has meant that typhoons cause landslides, as in this case, can away entire communities. Thus, for over 15 years, among other lines of work have been carried out reforestation and recovery of native species that have enabled secure the ground, avoiding landslides in rural hinterlands. While in coastal areas has worked in conservation and reforestation of mangroves that act as natural barriers contributing to reduce the force with which they come typhoons.

With the support of our local partners, Institute of Social Order (ISO) and Center for Empowerment and Resource Development (CERD) planted 10,000 stems mangrove in the barangay Pandan, Cabusao, and other 11.000 in the barangay Vito, Siruma, both communities in the Bicol Region, Luzon, and the rehabilitation and maintenance of 100 Has. de manglar in the barangay Loyola, Hinatuan in Caraga region, Mindanao. The median survival of the species has been of 70-75%, which is a high level, but the secret of this success is that previously has worked with communities and planting the volunteers who made have been implicated in the care and monitoring after planting to prevent illegal logging.

It has also worked with the Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM) and CONVERGENCE for Community-Centered Area Development projects of rural development and risk prevention.

Philippines is one of the countries that suffered the passage of typhoons, with average 22 typhoons annually. The impact is so high that seriously compromises the development opportunities of the population. In the words of Eleanor Garcia, in his day coordinator of projects in Asia Ipade "We began to implement productive projects small fishing or agriculture, and suddenly there was a change in weather pattern, or a typhoon came rushing and threw all the work done, which is why we were forced to incorporate risk management and adaptation to change climate in our development to minimize environmental impacts and achieve long-term sustainability”.

It has therefore been essential complement prevention work with improving infrastructures for drinking, clean and accessible water and income-generating activities such as supporting sustainable community development of coastal resources in the province of Surigao del Sur.

Investment in risk prevention also saves lives because it allows strengthening the capacity of the population to cope with such disasters and reducing their vulnerability to the next typhoon.

The work done so far by the Spanish cooperation in areas of the Philippines demonstrates the effectiveness of this strategy. En las regiones de Bicol y Luzón central y en especial, el trabajo en prevención de desastres con la Gobernación de Albay (Bicol) han permitido el fortalecimiento de los mecanismos de alerta temprana y de respuesta inmediata, contribuyendo a un fortalecimiento de los sistemas de coordinación de emergencias, la puesta en marcha de centros de evacuación (mediante la adaptación y equipamiento de determinados colegios públicos), la formación especializada en la gestión de emergencias de personal especializado y la sensibilización de la población en general. Todo ello, se ha llevado a cabo en estrecha conexión con el Consejo Nacional de Coordinación de Desastres (NDCC) y su Plan Nacional. Todo este trabajo sin duda has helped to increase resilience, ie the ability to face a new disaster and recover early, reducing the vulnerability of the poorest communities.

If you want to support the population to cope with the consequences of the typhoon click here


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