A study conducted by Alianza and UNFPA reaveled that one out of three refugees in Jordan or Lebonon, have been victims of gender violence, which has increased since they left their country. 10% of them claim to have been sexually assaulted since leaving their countries. Nearly 10% have been victims of physical assault..
The report produced with funding from the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) and UNFPA, and presented in Amman a few days ago, discussed the conflict that has been occurnig in Syria since 2011. Nearly 250,00 have died and around 11 million people were injuredthis is a serious violation of human rights for the refugees, and issue that despite the acts of humanitarian organizations is not being taken care of properly. It is based around insecurity, and seperation of families in hostile environments.
This study is consistent with other research conducted by Action Aid y Alianza por la Solidaridad y it was presented on December 10th in Jerusalem, with a motive of promoting human rights. There, they denounced that 39.6% of Palestinian Woman in Gaza have experiences some type of violence by their partners or family members. “Operación Margen Protector”, carried out by the Israeli Army in 2014 killed nearly 2,132 Palestinians, 70% of who were civilians.
Alianza works in Jordan at these clinics in order to help the sexual health and reproductive rights of these refugees, in collaboration with the Jordan Institute of Family health (IFH). At the clinic they diagnos patients for pyschological treatment as well as provide gynocologist consultants if requested. Since may the clinic in Madaba has had 10,000 consults. In January, they will open clinics in other cities such as Jerash y Ajlun to help those refugees.
In order to maintain the clinic in Madaba, financially support is necessary. Therefore, Alianza is launching its Christmas campaign. "Your best message for Syrian refugees", reveals the reality of the lives of these woman by discussing the horrific lives of three woman at the clinic. It is about Fatima, Selma and Nermen (sus nombres son ficticios para proteger su identidad).
Overall, it is estimated that there are about one million people from Syria (650,000 officers) in Jordan and Lebanon over 1.2 million, of which more than 50% are woman..
" The attention of women refugees in this conext is fundamental. Not only for the health services that they recieve, but also for the pyschological help and to shine a light on the invisible violence, yet this is difficult for them to do" says the director of Alianza, Ana Rosa Alcalde.
Through 21 individual interviews with Syrian women and social workers, 8 focus groups with 94 women and 385 refugees polls between 15 and 49 years, the Alianza report concludes that that 32% that have suffered from violence have abandoned their country. .
It has been concluded that gender violence against refugee women is higher in public than in private spaces. The most being emotional (24.2%), followed by sexual (9.6%) and physical (3 ,4 %). The main culprits are the neighbors, the house owners, taxi drivers and employers.
In the private sphere, the main culprits of violence perpetrated against women are husbands followed by other relatives. Women indicate that there is less violence in private spaces than in public, although women's groups found that that 11.4% of women are scared of their husbands all the time and 30% are scared on occasion, many discuss the rape that occurs in their marraige which explains the fear that these women have. Unfortunately the law does not allow these woman to be independent in their own homes.
And what are the consequences of this abuse? The health of half of these women was affected, 25% said their health, 22% said physical and 15% said pyschological yet most were affected by sexually transmitted diseases and spontaneous abortions.
Another importnatn note is that despite the limited resources they have to live, 45.7% have been impregnated since leaving their country. 78% of woman in Lebonan said they did not have access to health care while pregnant due to lack of money and 37.5% of woman in Jordan said the same thing.
In addition there are cases of unwanted pregnancies, not only due to a lack of methods of family planning or contraception, but for several reasons: They are concerned about side effects of contraceptives, or in many cases can not afford it. 30% did not specify why they don´t use it. Working groups had the ability to influence them, in this case, Humanitartian organizations provided help to their children.
These women are in a complicated situation, four out of ten have not accused anyone of violent acts, alegando miedo ante las represalias, culpabilidad o desconfianza hacia los servicios de ayuda. Casi el 24 % se lo contó al marido, el 20 % a una familiar, el 10% a una amiga y sólo un 1,6 % acudió al médico o a la Policía.